Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics1735-357217120231101Numerical Study on Aerodynamic Characteristics of Tail-stabilized Projectile with Asymmetrical Diversion Groove116135233110.47176/jafm.17.1.2062ENA. A. LuoSchool of Mechatronic Engineering, Xi’an Technological University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710021, ChinaQ. K. XiaoSchool of Mechatronic Engineering, Xi’an Technological University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710021, China School of Electronic Information Engineering, Xi’an Technological University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710021, China0000-0002-2651-1218X. LiuSchool of Electronic Information Engineering, Xi’an Technological University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710021, China0000-0002-6669-3909J. C. GuoSchool of Opto-electronical Engineering, Xi’an Technological University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710021, ChinaY. H. ZhangSchool of Mechatronic Engineering, Xi’an Technological University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710021, ChinaJournal Article20230606A surface diversion groove with a specific geometry and position can influence the laminar flow characteristics of a projectile, which may affect the flight trajectory of an aircraft. The asymmetric flow field around the projectile can be induced by the diversion groove, which can produce an obvious aerodynamic force and moment at the projectile nose for trajectory correction. This study applied a diversion groove structure to the nose of tail-stabilized projectiles to investigate its impact on the aerodynamic characteristics of the projectile. The mathematical expressions for the aerodynamic force and aerodynamic coefficient were established theoretically. The change in the aerodynamic coefficient as a function of the phase angle of the diversion groove was determined. A parametric simulation was employed to investigate how the diversion groove affects the aerodynamic attributes of the projectile across various Mach numbers and angles of attack. The simulation results are consistent with the variation trends of aerodynamic forces and moments with respect to the phase angle of the diverter groove, as predicted by the static mathematical model. These findings demonstrate that the variation trends of the lift coefficient and pitching moment coefficient with respect to the angle <em>β </em>approximate a cosine function. Meanwhile, the variation trends of the yaw force coefficient and yaw moment coefficient with respect to the angle <em>β </em>approximate a sine function. The tail-stabilized projectile with asymmetrical diversion groove achieved a reduction of 1.2% in drag coefficient compared with that of the canard rudder corrective projectile, while the lift coefficient and pitch moment coefficient were increased by 6.4% and 16%, respectively, in the subsonic regime. The static margin of the projectile ranging from 13% to 16%. This study offers valuable insights for the design of corrective structures with diversion grooves and trajectory control.https://www.jafmonline.net/article_2331_81d61dc6229371647ee858833e36d797.pdf