Laminar Flow over a Square Cylinder Undergoing Combined Rotational and Transverse Oscillations


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita School of Engineering, Coimbatore, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, India

2 Department of Aerospace Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


This work numerically investigates the effects of combined rotational and transverse oscillations of a square cylinder on the flow field and force coefficients. The primary non-dimensional parameters that were varied are frequency ratio fR (0.5, 0.8), Re (50-200), phase difference (ϕ) between the motions and rotational amplitude (θ0) with the influence of the last three parameters being discussed in detail. The amplitude of transverse oscillations is fixed at 0.2D, where D is the cylinder width. The study has been validated using the mean drag coefficient for stationary and transversely oscillating square cylinders from literature. Output data was obtained in the form of force coefficient (Cd), vorticity and pressure contours. The governing equations for the 2dimensional model were solved from an inertial frame of reference (overset meshing) using finite volume method. The interplay between the convective field and prescribed motion has been used to explain many of the results obtained. The relative dominance of cylinder motion over the flow stream was determined using Discrete Fast Fourier Transform. The influence of Re on Cd disappears when the motions are completely out of phase (ϕ = π). In general, the Cd for low Re flows exhibited low sensitivity to change in other parameters. Direct correlation has been observed between frontal area, vortex patterns and drag coefficient