Effects of False-Ceiling on Critical Ventilation Velocity and Maximum Gas Temperature in Tunnel Fires


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Center of Excellence in Energy Conversion Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


In the present study, the effect of the use of false-ceiling on fire-induced smoke flow characteristics in tunnels is investigated using a 3D developed computational fluid dynamics tool. The critical velocity, the minimum required tunnel ventilation velocity to stop the smoke flow from moving toward the tunnel inlet (toward the upstream of the fire source), and the maximum gas temperature beneath the ceiling are selected to evaluate the smoke flow control in presence of the false-ceiling. The hydraulic height of the cross-sectional geometry of the tunnel is used as the characteristic length in order to dimensional analyze and compare the non-dimensional results. The results indicate that the use of the false-ceiling reduces the critical velocity and the smoke backlayering, while increases the maximum ceiling gas temperature. Reducing the critical velocity results in ventilation cost reduction (positive impact), while increasing the maximum gas temperature beneath the ceiling increases the risk of instrumental and life damages (negative impact). The detailed results and corresponding physical discussions are presented to clarify the reason for the significant differences between the results of the tunnels with and without false-ceiling.