Passive Control with Blade-End Slots and Whole-Span Slot in a Large Camber Compressor Cascade

Authors

School of Power and Energy, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710072, P. R. China

Abstract

Suitable slot structure of the compressor blade can generate high-momentum jet flow through pressure difference between the pressure and suction surface, it has been proved that the slot jet flow can reenergize the local low-momentum fluid to effectively suppress the flow separation on the suction surface. In order to explore a slotted method for better comprehensive suppressing effects on the boundary layer separation near blade midspan and the three-dimensional corner separation, a diffusion stator cascade with large camber angle is selected as the research object. Firstly, the Slotted_1 and Slotted_2 whole-span slotted schemes are set up, then the Slotted_3 scheme with whole-span slot and blade-end slots is proposed, finally the performance of original cascade and slotted cascades is computed under a wide range of incidence angles at the Mach number of 0.7. The results show that: in the full range of incidence angles, compared with the whole-span slotted cascades, the development of the endwall secondary flow on the suction surface of Slotted_3 cascade is effectively suppressed, the degree of the mutual interference between the secondary flow and the main flow is reduced. Besides, on the suction surface of Slotted_3 cascade, the boundary layer separation near blade midspan and the corner separation are basically eliminated. As a result, compared with those of original cascade, the total pressure losses of Slotted_3 cascade are reduced in the full range of incidence angles, and its operating range of incidence angles is broadened. Moreover, compared with the whole-span slotted schemes, Slotted_3 scheme has a better adaptability to wide range of incidence angles.

Keywords


  • Received: 12 August 2020
  • Revised: 18 September 2020
  • Accepted: 24 September 2020
  • First Publish Date: 30 December 2020