College of Energy and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
The impact of compressibility modified RANS turbulence closures is investigated for high subsonic round and chevron jet flows with Mach = 0.9 and Re = 1.03×106, including the predicted acoustic noise generation. The well-documented chevron jet flow and noise cases, namely NASA SMC000 and SMC006 are selected as the simulation configurations. Two compressibility RANS closures are considered, which are based on the k-ε turbulence model. The first type only considers the compressibility dissipation rate, and the second type accounts for three modifications of compressibility dissipation rate, pressure dilation and production limiter. The acoustic noise is calculated employing the SNGR (Stochastic Noise Generation and Radiation) method using the flow prediction of the three-dimensional RANS simulations. The results show that both of the two types of compressibility modified RANS models improve the accuracy of the mean flow and turbulence quantities. This results in more accurate jet noise predictions than with the standard RANS model. The first type modification is found to be moderate and the second type is remarkable. The noise results by the second type model, i.e. Sarkar2 model, agree with the experimental data quite well. For the mean flow field, the compressibility modified model (Sarkar2 model) estimates a shorter potential jet core, and improved predictions of the velocity in the downstream region are observed. The study demonstrates the importance of considering the compressibility modified RANS closure for the noise prediction of high-speed jets via the comparison to experimental data. Hence, the SNGR method is found to be cost effective for jet noise prediction, when compared to other approaches.