Cross-Scale Flow Field Analysis of Sealing Chamber and End Face Considering the CO2 Real Gas Effect


1 Faculty of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, Yunnan,650000, China

2 Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, Yunnan,650000, China

3 Industrial Ecology Programme, Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim,7491, Norway


The dry gas seal (DGS) is a non-contacting, gas-lubricated mechanical face seal commonly used in rotating machinery. Traditional analyses of DGSs treat the end face as an independent factor by setting the end-face inlet as boundary conditions, but limited attention is focused on the sealing chamber of the DGS. Using the finite volume method and the shear stress transport (SST) k-ω model, the coupling between the millimeter-scale sealing chamber and the micrometer-scale end face are simulated with regard to the real gas effect of CO2. The three-dimensional distributions of velocity, pressure and temperature in the cross-scale flow field are investigated under different working conditions. Moreover, the boundary parameters of the end-face inlet are modified by response surface methodology with a central composite rotatable design. The results demonstrate that the real gas effect of CO2 leads to an increased total inlet flow. When the pressure reaches 10.3 MPa, the relative difference is 51.90% compared to ideal gas. Minor temperature and pressure changes occur in the sealing chamber when the dry gas seal is in operation. However, the inlet temperature of the end face Tf increases and the inlet pressure of the end face pf decreases. These research results provide a reliable reference for engineering practice.


Volume 14, Issue 4 - Serial Number 60
July and August 2021
Pages 979-991
  • Received: 20 July 2020
  • Revised: 13 November 2021
  • Accepted: 20 November 2020
  • First Publish Date: 10 March 2021