Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Aerospace Power System, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
With the increasing of the bypass ratio of modern aero-engines, the problem of wing-engine interference is more prominent, especially for the layout design of engine nacelle. The reverse thrust cascade is widely used in turbofan engines with high bypass ratio. In order to meet the requirements of the integrated analysis of airframe, wing, engine nacelle and hanger, the aerodynamic characteristics of aircraft/engine integration configuration with reverse cascade is numerically studied via CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) method. The streamline distribution, iso-surface of total temperature, vorticity distribution and total reverse thrust efficiency on different engine nacelle layouts are compared and analyzed in details. The results show that the lift coefficient of the wing decreases by 21.2% and 45.02% respectively as the engine moves forwards horizontally by 11%L and 21.2%L. The lift coefficient of the wing decreases by 2.4% and 4.82% respectively as the engine moves subsidence by -3.5%L and 3.5%L. The influential region of the reverser airflow in the radial and circumferential direction without airframe interference is significantly larger than that in the case with aircraft/engine integration. The reverser flow is susceptible to be interfered by the adjacent fuselage and wing sections, and the development of reverse thrust flow is significantly limited. Compared to the baseline nacelle location, the reverse thrust performs badly as engine nacelle moves backward and lateral horizontally. The total reverse thrust efficiency decreases gradually as the engine nacelle moves forward horizontally.