Mathematical Study of Laminar Boundary Layer Flow and Heat Transfer of Tangenthyperbolic Fluid Pasta Vertical Porous Plate with Biot Number Effects


1 Department of Mathematics, Madanapalle Institute of Technology and Science, Madanapalle-517325, India

2 Department of Mathematics, Salalah College of Technology, Salalah, Oman

3 Gort Engovation Research (Aerospace), 15 Southmere Avenue, Great Horton, Bradford, BD7 3NU, West Yorkshire, UK.


In this article, we investigate the nonlinear steady boundary layer flow and heat transfer of an incompressible Tangent Hyperbolicnon-Newtonian fluid from a vertical porous plate. The transformed conservation equations are solved numerically subject to physically appropriate boundary conditions using a second-order accurate implicit finite-difference Keller Box technique. The numerical code is validated with previous studies. The influence of a number of emerging non-dimensional parameters, namely the Weissenberg number (We), the power law index (n), Prandtl number (Pr), Biot number (), and dimensionless local suction parameter()on velocity and temperature evolution in the boundary layer regime are examined in detail. Furthermore the effects of these parameters on surface heat transfer rate and local skin friction are also investigated. Validation with earlier Newtonian studies is presented and excellent correlation achieved. It is found that velocity, Skin friction and Nusselt number (heat transfer rate) are reduced with increasing Weissenberg number (We), whereas, temperature is enhanced. Increasing power law index (n) enhances velocity and Nusselt number (heat transfer rate) but temperature and Skin friction decrease. An increase in the Biot number () is observed to enhance velocity, temperature, local skin friction and Nusselt number. An increasing Prandtl number, Pr, is found to decrease both velocity, temperature and skin friction but elevates heat transfer rate (Nusselt number). The study is relevant to chemical materials processing applications.