Département des Sciences de la Matière, Faculté des Sciences, Université 20 août 1955 - Skikda, B.P 26 Route El-Hadaiek, Skikda 21000, Algeria
LEAP Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Sciences Technology, University of Frères Mentouri-Constantine, Route de Ain El. Bey, Constantine 25000, Algeria
A numerical study of oscillatory magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) natural convection of liquid metal between vertical coaxial cylinders is carried out. The motivation of this study is to determine the value of the critical Rayleigh number, Racr for two orientations of the magnetic field and different values of the Hartmann number (Harand Haz) and aspect ratios A. The inner and outer cylinders are maintained at uniform temperatures, while the horizontal top and bottom walls are thermally insulated. The governing equations are numerically solved using a finite volume method. Comparisons with previous results were performed and found to be in excellent agreement. The numerical results for various governing parameters of the problem are discussed in terms of streamlines, isotherms and Nusselt number in the annuli. The time evolution of velocity, temperature, streamlines and Nusselt number with Racr, Har, Haz, and A is quite interesting. We can control the flow stability and heat transfer rate in varying the aspect ratio, intensity and direction of the magnetic field.