Faculty of Physic, Laboratory of Thermodynamics and Energetic Systems, USTHB, Bp 32, El alia, Algiers, Algeria.
Taylor- Couette flow (TCF) is an important template for studying various mechanisms of the laminar-turbulent transition of rotating fluid in enclosed cavity. It is also relevant to engineering applications like bearings, fluid mixing and filtration. Furthermore, this flow system is of potential importance for development of bio-separators employing Taylor vortices for enhancement of mass transfer. The fluid flowing in the annular gap between two rotating cylinders has been used as paradigm for the hydrodynamic stability theory and the transition to turbulence. In this paper, the fluid in an annulus between short concentric cylinders is investigated numerically for a three dimensional viscous and incompressible flow. The inner cylinder rotates freely about a vertical axis through its centre while the outer cylinder is held stationary and oscillating radially. The main purpose is to examine the effect of a pulsatile motion of the outer cylinder on the onset of Taylor vortices in the vicinity of the threshold of transition, i.e., from the laminar Couette flow to the occurrence of Taylor vortex flow. The numerical results obtained here show significant topological changes on the Taylor vortices. In addition, the active control deeply affects the occurrence of the first instability. It is established that the appearance of the Taylor vortex flow is then substantially delayed with respect to the classical case; flow without control.