An Experimental Investigation of Forces on a Textured Cylinder at Subcritical Reynolds Numbers

Document Type : Regular Article

Authors

Griffith School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, QLD 4222, Australia

Abstract

Spanwise deviations from a perfect circular cross-section, affect the aerodynamics and hydrodynamics of cylindrical structures. In this study the ability of a novel wavy cylinder, the textured cylinder, to reduce applied drag and lift forces is investigated experimentally. Three different configurations of the proposed textured geometry, as well as a bare cylinder and a cylinder with helical strakes are 3D printed and tested in an open circuit wind tunnel. Tests are conducted at Reynolds numbers from 3.5×104 to 8.0×104. Results show that the time-averaged drag and fluctuating lift forces on the textured cylinder can be 20% and 15% lower than those of a bare cylinder, respectively. Amongst the tested cylinders, the straked cylinder exhibited the lowest fluctuating lift forces. However, the lowest time-averaged drag forces were measured on the textured cylinder, Tex30, through the range of Reynolds numbers tested. The Strouhal number of the Tex30 was found to be between those of the bare and straked cylinders.

Keywords


Volume 14, Issue 6 - Serial Number 62
November and December 2021
Pages 1787-1793
  • Received: 21 December 2020
  • Revised: 30 October 2021
  • Accepted: 04 July 2021
  • First Publish Date: 01 November 2021