Effect of Volute Geometry on Radial Force Characteristics of Centrifugal Pump during Startup

Document Type : Regular Article


1 Research Center of Fluid Machinery Engineering and Technology, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China

2 National Research Center of Pumps, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China


To research the effect of the volute geometry on the radial force characteristics of the centrifugal pump during the starting process, choosing a centrifugal pump with a head of 87m as the research object. The pumping chamber is redesigned into a single-volute and a double-volute with similar external characteristics, and a circulation pipeline system is established. RNG k-ε turbulence model is employed to calculate the unsteady starting process of two kinds of centrifugal pumps. The variation trends of radial force received by the impeller and volute during the start-up process are obtained. The radial force characteristics and internal flow field evolution of two centrifugal pumps are compared and analyzed. The results show that the radial force vector distribution of the impeller changes in spiral periodicity during the startup process, and the spiral geometry is influenced by the number of impeller blades. The direction of the spiral is opposite to the rotational speed. The double-volute geometry can effectively reduce the radial force and pulsation amplitude of the impeller during the start-up process of the centrifugal pump, reducing the radial force by about 80% at rated speed. But the radial force vector distribution of the double-volute is more complicated and disordered than the single-volute.


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