Effect of Gurney flap Height and Mounting Position on the Performance of a Centrifugal Fan

Document Type : Regular Article


Turbomachines Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai – 600036, India


The effect of Gurney flap height and mounting position on the head coefficient of a centrifugal fan at different Reynolds numbers is investigated experimentally. Quarter round Gurney flap of 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 mm height is mounted at three different positions, S=1.00 (impeller tip), S=0.95 and S=0.90 on the pressure surface of the impeller blade tip. Performance tests are carried out on the centrifugal fan at five Reynolds numbers corresponding to five rotational speeds of 1100, 1500, 2000, 2500 and 2900 rpm respectively. From the performance curves it is found that the fan head coefficient increases significantly with Gurney flaps at low Reynolds numbers and increases marginally at high Reynolds numbers. Effect of Reynolds number on the head coefficient is considerable for the baseline fan and found to be negligible for the fan with Gurney flaps, for all combinations of Gurney flap mounting position and height. The head coefficient of the fan improves as Gurney flap height increases but the improvement is marginal after certain height of Gurney flap. The head coefficient of the fan deteriorates when Gurney flap is mounted away from the impeller blade tip.


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