Experimental Investigation on Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Double Helically Coiled Tube Heat Exchanger with MWCNT/Water Nanofluid

Document Type : Special Issue Manuscripts


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chettinad College of Engineering and Technology, Karur, Tamilnadu, 639114, India

2 University College of Engineering Dindigul-624 622, Tamil Nadu, India



In this experimental work, heat transfer and pressure drop analysis of a Double helically coiled tube heat exchanger by using Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) /Water nanofluid as a coolant. The analysis is done under constant heat flux and turbulent flow condition. The double helically coiled tube heat exchanger (DHCTHX) is designed and fabricated. The MWCNT/water with 0.2% 0.4% & 0.6% volume concentration nanofluids are prepared by using two-step method. The nanofluid prepared is characterized by using SEM (Scanning Electronic Microscope). Initially, hot water and cold water with 120,140,160& 180LPH (liter per hour) of flow rates are tested. Secondly hot water and 0.2% 0.4% & 0.6% volume concentration of MWCNT/water nanofluid with the same mass flow rates are tested. On comparing, the MWCNT nanofluids have better heat transfer rate than that of water. It is found that the heat transfer rate increases with increasing volume concentration of nanofluids. The maximum heat transfer rate obtained is at 0.6% volume concentration of nanofluids at the 120LPH mass flow rate at 1460 Dean Number. It is also studied that MWCNT /water nanofluid’s overall heat transfer rate is 56% higher than water at 0.6% nanofluid at 1460 Dean Number. It is also found that the pressure drop of MWCNT/water 0.6% nanofluid is 49% higher than that of water at 1460 Dean number.