Analysis and Reduction of the Sloshing Phenomena Due To Sudden Movement of Spray Mixture Tanker

Document Type : Regular Article

Authors

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering – FE/UNESP, Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil

2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering - UNICAMP, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil

10.47176/jafm.15.02.32853

Abstract

The sloshing phenomenon occurs in partially filled tankers due to sudden movement can affect the tank structure integrity and impair the dynamic stability of the tanker. The effects of sloshing phenomena in a spray mixture tank due to acceleration or deceleration of the agricultural vehicle is investigated under three filling levels of 25%, 50%, and 75%. The pressure time distributions on the tank wall were evaluated by using a multiphase transient model (water and air as an ideal gas) and a free surface flow in a homogeneous model. It was possible to verify the wave behavior of sloshing. The condition of 75% tank filling volume generated the highest pressure on the tank wall. The effectiveness of two types of vertical baffles in suppressing pressure was numerically investigated. Shear stress on the tank bottom wall under these proposed arrangements was analyzed by steady-state models and mechanical agitation, considering a filled tank. The proposed solution based on two partial vertical baffles and a central gap was the most effective. It promotes the higher reduction of wall impact pressure and other sloshing instabilities and maintains similar results of mixture agitation of the tank without baffles.

Keywords


Ansys CFX (2017). CFX 18.1 – User's Guide, Ansys Inc.##
Ansys ICEM-CFD (2017). ICEM-CFD 18.1 – Theory Guide, Ansys Inc.##
Bellezi, C. A., L.-Y. Cheng, T. Okada and M. Arai (2019). Optimized perforated bulkhead for sloshing mitigation and control. Ocean Engineering 187, 106171.##
Cavalagli, N., C. Biscarini, A. L. Facci, F. Ubertini and S. Ubertini (2017). Experimental and numerical analysis of energy dissipation in a sloshing absorber. Journal of Fluids and Structures 68, 466–481.##
Celis, M. A. C., J. B. V. Wanderley and M. A. S. Neves (2017). Numerical simulation of dam breaking and the influence of sloshing on the transfer of water between compartments. Ocean Engineering 146, 125-139.##
El-Nahhal, Y. and N. Hamdona (2017). Adsorption, leaching and phytotoxicity of some herbicides as single and mixtures to some crops. Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences 22, 17-25.##
Fogal, M. L. F., G.B. Micheli, A. Padilha and V. L. Scalon (2021). Numerical-experimental comparison of radial fans applied in pneumatic transport of agricultural fertilizer spreaders. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 25(1), 58-64.##
Gu, D., C. Cheng, Z. Liu and Y. Wang (2019). Numerical simulation of solid-liquid mixing characteristics in a stirred tank with fractal impellers. Advanced Powder Technology 30, 2126–2138.##
Hosain, M. L., U. Sand and R. B. Fdhila (2018). Numerical Investigation of Liquid Sloshing in Carrier Ship Fuel Tanks. IFAC-PapersOnLine 51(2), 583–588.##
Iranmanesh, A. and M. Passandideh-Fard (2017). A 2D numerical study on suppressing liquid sloshing using a submerged cylinder. Ocean Engineering 138, 55-72.##
Jiang, S.-C., B. Teng, W. Bai and Y. Gou (2015). Numerical simulation of coupling effect between ship motion and liquid sloshing under wave action. Ocean Engineering 108, 140–154.##
Joshi, A. Y., A. Bansal and D. Rakshit (2017). Effects of baffles on sloshing impact pressure of a chamfered tank. Procedia Engineering 173, 940–947.##
Kolaei, A., S.  Rakheja and M. J. Richard (2014). Effects of tank cross-section on dynamic fluid slosh loads and roll stability of a partly-filled tank truck. Journal of Mechanics B/Fluids 46, 46-58.##
Kolaei, A., S. Rakheja and M. J. Richard (2017). Coupled multimodal fluid-vehicle model for analysis of anti-slosh effectiveness of longitudinal baffles in a partially-filled tank vehicle. Journal of Fluids and Structures 70, 519-536.##
Liu, D., W. Tang, J. Wang, H. Xue, and K. Wang (2016). Comparison of laminar model, RANS, LES and VLES for simulation of liquid sloshing. Applied Ocean Research 59, 638–649.##
Liu, D., W. Tang, J. Wang, H. Xue and K. Wang (2017). Modelling of liquid sloshing using CLSVOF method and very large eddy simulation. Ocean Engineering 129, 160–176.##
Liu, Z., Y. Feng, Y. Liu, G. Lei and Y. Li (2019). Hydrodynamic performance on sloshing process in a liquid oxygen tank under intermittent excitation. Cryogenics 98, 92–101.##
Liu, Z., Y. Feng, Y. Liu, G. Lei and Y. Li (2020). Fluid sloshing dynamic performance in a fuel storage tank under sinusoidal excitations. Applied Thermal Engineering 168, 114814.##
Lyu, W., O. el Moctar, R. Potthoff and J. Neugebauer (2017). Experimental and numerical investigation of sloshing using different free surface capturing methods. Applied Ocean Research 68, 307–324.##
Micheli, G. B., A. Padilha and V. L. Scalon (2015). Análise numérico-experimental da agitação de calda em reservatórios de pulverizadores agrícolas. Journal of the Brazilian Association of Agricultural Engineering 35(6), 1065–1078.##
Močilan, M., M. Žmindák, P.  Pecháč and P. Weis (2017). CFD simulation of hydraulic tank. Procedia Engineering 192, 609-614.##
Myrillas, K., P. Planquart, A. Simonini, J. M. Buchlin and M. Schyns (2017). CFD and experimental investigation of sloshing parameters for the safety assessment of HLM reactors. Nuclear Engineering and Design 312, 317–326.##
Nicolsen, B., L. Wang and A. Shabana (2017). Nonlinear finite element analysis of liquid sloshing in complex vehicle motion scenarios. Journal of Sound and Vibration 405, 208-233.##
Park, W. M., D. K. Choi, K. Kim, S. M. Son, S. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. S. Kang and C. Choi (2019). (2019). Simple analytical method for predicting the sloshing motion in a rectangular pool. Nuclear Engineering and Technology 52, 947-955.##
Pukkella, A. K., R. Vysyaraju, V. Tammishetti, B. Rai and S. Subramanian (2019). Improved mixing of solid suspensions in stirred tanks with interface baffles: CFD simulation and experimental validation. Chemical Engineering Journal 358, 621-633.##
Qin, H., L. Mu, W. Tang and Z. Hu (2019). Numerical study on structural response of anti-sloshing baffles of different configurations in a sloshing tank considering hydroelasticity. Ocean Engineering 188, 106290.##
Saghi, H. and E. Lakzian (2017). Optimization of the rectangular storage tanks for the sloshing phenomena based on the entropy generation minimization. Energy 128, 564–574.##
Sousa, J. B., M. B. Teixeira, A. Jakelaitis, F. N.  Cunha and N.F. Silva (2018). Performance of Crops Grown in Succession to Soybeans Treated with Different Residual Herbicides. Planta Daninha 36 (e018160229).##
Sufyan, M., L. C. Ngo and H. G. Choi (2017). A dynamic adaptation method based on unstructured mesh for solving sloshing problems. Ocean Engineering 129, 203–216.##
Wang, W., Y. Peng, Q. Zhang, L. Ren and Y. Jiang (2017). Sloshing of liquid in partially liquid filled toroidal tank with various baffles under lateral excitation. Ocean Engineering 146, 434–456.##
Xue, M. A., J. Zheng, P. Lin and X. Yuan (2017). Experimental study on vertical baffles of different configurations in suppressing sloshing pressure. China Ocean Engineering 136, 178–189.##
Zhang, C., P. Su and D. Ning (2019). Hydrodynamic study of an anti-sloshing technique using floating foams. Ocean Engineering 175, 62–70.##
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Serial Number 63
March and April 2022
Pages 399-413
  • Received: 05 April 2021
  • Revised: 09 September 2021
  • Accepted: 11 October 2021
  • First Publish Date: 30 January 2022