Liquid Film Condensation behind Shock Waves on the Cold Wall of a Diaphragmless Vertical Shock Tube: An Experimental Study

Document Type : Regular Article


College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, Guangxi 541004, China



The aim of this study was to investigate the condensation of HFC-134a vapor on a shock tube wall behind shock waves. The time-dependent thickness of the condensed liquid film was measured using an optical interference method based on multiple reflections of a laser beam. The condensation on the wall was accompanied by an instantaneous increase in the pressure behind the incident shock wave, and when the reflected shock wave reached the observation window, condensation occurred again. In this experimental study, the characteristics of the diaphragmless vertical shock tube were verified. Reliable experimental data could be obtained using the shock tube. The shock waves could be visualized to study their behaviors in different time periods. The experimental results confirmed the formation of a liquid film on the cold wall of the shock tube after the passing of incident and reflected shock waves, with the liquid film behind the incident shock wave exhibiting a faster formation.


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Volume 15, Issue 3 - Serial Number 64
May and June 2022
Pages 781-791
  • Received: 21 April 2021
  • Revised: 15 February 2022
  • Accepted: 19 February 2022
  • First Publish Date: 14 March 2022