Numerical Investigation on Torsional Mode Self-Excited Vibration of Guide Vane in a Reversible Pump-Turbine during Pump Mode’s Starting Up

Document Type : Regular Article


1 College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100083, China

2 Research & Test Center, Dongfang Electric Machinery Co., Ltd., Deyang, Sichuan Province, 618000, China

3 Beijing Engineering Research Center of Safety and Energy Saving Technology for Water Supply Network System, Beijing, 100083, China

4 Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China



In reversible pump-turbines, guide vane vibrations are considered to have potentially severe consequences of noise and structural damage. Unstable torsional mode self-excited vibrations of guide vanes have been reported at small guide vane openings during transient operations involving pump flow, such as pump starting and closing processes. In this study, coupling simulations were carried out under different operating conditions based on the unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method with a single-degree-of-freedom (1DOF) oscillator. The results show that the operating conditions, including the initial opening angle and the pressure difference between the runner side and the stay vane side, significantly affect the instability of guide vane torsional mode self-excited vibration. Energy-based analysis indicates that the positive cumulative work done by total hydraulic torque is responsible for unstable torsional mode self-excited vibration. Furthermore, the relatively small phase difference between total hydraulic torque and guide vane angular velocity, and the positive feedback between vibration amplitude and energy accumulation, are considered to be the root causes that eventually induce unstable self-excited vibrations under the operating conditions of small opening angles and high pressure differences.


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Volume 15, Issue 6 - Serial Number 67
November and December 2022
Pages 1789-1799
  • Received: 24 April 2022
  • Revised: 25 June 2022
  • Accepted: 10 July 2022
  • First Publish Date: 07 September 2022