Investigations on the Interfering Factor of Single Synthetic Jet Actuator on Improving the Efficiency of Wing Control Surface

Document Type : Regular Article


1 College of Mechatronic Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China

2 Institute of Military-Civilian Integration and Innovation, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China

3 State owned Changhong Machinery Factory, Guilin 541002, China



After the deflection of the wing control surface, flow separation is easily generated at the trailing edge of the wing, which will reduce the lift coefficient and the control surface efficiency. The rudder of the wing is aileron. If the lift generated by the wing is used to improve the efficiency of the control surface, the flow separation caused by the deflection of the control surface must be restrained. Using synthetic jet to change the flow state of boundary layer is the main method to solve the problem of flow separation. Synthetic jet actuator (SJA) has the advantages of no energy loss and simple structure. In this paper, a method of using synthetic jet actuator to suppress the flow separation at the rear of the wing when the aileron deflects is proposed, and the lift coefficient is obtained. The increase of aileron efficiency is calculated by the change of lift coefficient. The EPPLER555 wing with aileron deflection angle of 3°~9° is simulated, and the changes of lift coefficient and aileron efficiency under corresponding working conditions are obtained. The results show that the average lift coefficient of the wing is 0.5 when the deflection angle of the aileron is 3°~9° without SJA. After SJA employed, the lift coefficient will be greatly improved, and the control surface efficiency of EPPLER555 wing will be effectively improved, the lift coefficient will increase by about 20% to 0.6-0.7. For example, when the deflection angle of aileron is 4°, using a SJA with a maximum outlet velocity of 200m/s and an excitation frequency of 400/2π, the effective lift coefficient generated by the wing is 0.5931. Under the effect of SJA, the control surface efficiency of EPPLER555 wing will be effectively improved. The lift coefficient is reflected by the ratio of the change of lift coefficient after SJA employed to the lift coefficient without synthetic jet actuator.


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Volume 15, Issue 6 - Serial Number 67
November and December 2022
Pages 1801-1813
  • Received: 17 April 2022
  • Revised: 07 July 2022
  • Accepted: 19 July 2022
  • First Publish Date: 07 September 2022