Unsteady Fluid Flow Analysis of Tongue Geometry in a Centrifugal Pump at Design and Off-design Conditions

Document Type : Regular Article


Energy Conversion Department, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Tehran, 1678815811, Iran



In the present work, the effects of modifying the tongue geometry of a centrifugal pump on pressure pulsations under the design and off-design conditions are carried out numerically by the unsteady analysis of fluid flow. Numerical modeling based on the Re-Normalization Group (RNG) k-ε turbulence model using a Mosaic mesh structure, a technology which can easily, quickly and formally connects any type of mesh for complex geometries and flow regimes, is applied to simulate the flow within the modeled pump, which is validated with the available experimental results. The flow is simulated through a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software that solved Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations for a three-dimensional unsteady flow. In addition to choosing Qd (the design flow rate), 0.4 Qd and 1.2Qd  are also taken into account as the inlet flow rates. Besides, pressures of 101KPa and 13KPa are considered as additional inlet conditions for this investigation. This unsteady simulation employing different inlet conditions is used to investigate the impacts of various volute tongue angles on the pressure coefficient (cp ). Results indicate that, overall, by changing the angle from 40° to 85°, the value of the pressure coefficient at the pump outlet grows by about 10% where it also causes a rise in the amplitude of pressure fluctuations. By the same token, a decrement to the inlet flow rate up to 40% of the nominal value brings about the amplitude of pressure fluctuations at the pump outlet to be increased significantly.


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Volume 15, Issue 6 - Serial Number 67
November and December 2022
Pages 1851-1867
  • Received: 16 March 2022
  • Revised: 13 June 2022
  • Accepted: 14 June 2022
  • Available online: 07 September 2022