Study on Suppression of Combustion Instability using Quarter Wavelength Tube

Document Type : Regular Article


1 School of Power and Energy, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shanxi, 710072, China

2 AECC Sichuan Gas Turbine Establishment, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610500, China

3 Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Aerospace Power Systems, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210016, China



The passive suppression of combustion instability by quarter wavelength tube was hereby studied to absorb the oscillation pressure with large amplitudes caused by combustion instability. The suppression effects of quarter wavelength tube on combustion instability were systematically analyzed by combining the acoustic numerical simulation and the experimental research methods. Firstly, the influence of quarter wavelength tube on the acoustic characteristics of the system was analyzed using acoustic numerical simulation; and then, the acoustic absorption characteristics to external acoustic disturbance and the suppression effects on the self-excited combustion instability were experimentally studied. The results show that the quarter wavelength tube can effectively absorb the acoustic pressure when the dominant frequency of acoustic pressure is close to the resonance frequency of the system, and can effectively suppress the combustion instability under acoustic resonance. However, given that the quarter wavelength tube adds adjoint dominant frequencies after eliminating the original resonant frequency of the system, and the combustion instability is stabilized on the adjoint dominant frequencies, combustion instability suppression is different from noise suppression. In addition, the diameter of wavelength tube exercises obvious effects on the above characteristics. All these make it necessary to determine the best parameters and the maximum suppression efficiency by combining numerical simulation and experiments. The research results of this paper provide theoretical and technical supports for the suppression of combustion instability by the quarter wavelength tube.


Anderson, J. S. (1977). The Effect of an Air Flow on a Single Side Branch Helmholtz Resonator in a Circular Duct. Journal of Sound & Vibration 52(3), 423-431.##
Duan, H., X. Shen, Q. Yin, F. Yang, P. Bai, X. Zhang and M. Pan (2020). Modeling and Optimization of Sound Absorption Coefficient of Microperforated Compressed Porous Metal Panel Absorber. Applied Acoustic 166(6337), 107322.##
Dubey, A. K., Y. Koyama, N. Hashimoto and O. Fujita (2021). Acoustic parametric instability, its suppression and a beating instability in a mesoscale combustion tube. Combustion and Flame 288, 277-291.##
Han, X., D. Yang, J. Wang and C. Zhang (2021). The Effect of Inlet Boundaries on Combustion Instability in a Pressure-elevated combustor. Aerospace Science and Technology 111, 106517.##
Han, Z., S. Liu and W. Wang (2017). Acoustic Element Use for in Auto Intake System. Popular Science & Technology 19(8), 63-65.##
Howard, C. Q. and R. A. Craig (2014a). An Adaptive Quarter-wave Tube that Uses the Sliding-Goertzel Algorithm for Estimation of Phase. Applied Acoustics 78(4), 92-97.##
Howard, C. Q. and R. A. Craig (2014b). Noise Reduction Using a Quarter Wave Tube with Different Orifice Geometries. Applied Acoustics 76(1), 180-186.##
Jena, D. P. and V. G. Jayakumari (2019). Demonstration of Effective Acoustic Properties of Different Configurations of Helmholtz Resonators. Applied Acoustics 155(12), 371-382.##
Kim, Y. J., D. K. Lee and Y. Kim (2018). Experimental Study on Combustion Instability and Attenuation Characteristics in the Lab-scale Gas Turbine Combustor with a Sponge-like Porous Medium. Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology 32(4), 1879-1887.##
Koval'Aková, M., M. Kladivová and Z. Gibová (2020). Helmholtz Resonator in Laboratory Experiments. The Physics Teacher 58(3), 179-181.##
Lambert, R. F. (1956). Acoustic Filtering in a Moving Medium. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 28(6), 1054-1058.##
Li, J. and A. S. Morgans (2015). Control of Combustion Instabilities by a Second Heat Source. The 22nd International Congress on Sound and Vibration. Florence, Italy.##
Liu, Y., J. Li, Q. Han and Y. Yan (2019). Study of Combustion Oscillation Mechanism and Flame Image Processing. AIAA Journal 57(2), 824-835.##
Meadows, J. W. and A. K. Agrawal (2015). Porous Inserts for Passive Control of Noise and Thermo-Acoustic Instabilities in LDI Combustion. Combustion Science and Technology 187(7), 1021-1035.##
Nie, W., F. Zhang and Z. Zhang (2001). Acoustic Analysis of Resonators for Combustion Instability Suppression in Liquid Rocket Engines. Applied Acoustics 20(4), 35-39.##
Sachedina, K., T. Lato, A. Mohany and M. Hassan (2020). Effect of Incident Acoustic Pressure Amplitude on the Transmission Loss of Helmholtz Resonators. Vibration 3(1), 34-41.##
Sun, B., F. Yuan, J. Wang and S. Zhao (2019). A Truck Intake System's Resonance Analysis and Improvement Evaluation. Internal Combustion Engines and Accessories 289(13), 58-60.##
Surendran, A., M. A. Heckl, N. Hosseini and O. J. Teerling (2017). Passive Control of Instabilities in Combustion Systems with Heat Exchanger, International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics 10(4), 362-379.##
Yoon, M. (2020). Combustion Instability Analysis from the Perspective of Acoustic Impedance. Journal of Sound and Vibration 483(5), 115500.##
Zhang, Z., D. Zhao, N. Han, S. Wang and J. Li (2015). Control of Combustion Instability with a tunable Helmholtz resonator. Aerospace Science and Technology 41(2), 55-62.##
Zhou, H., C. Tao, Z. Liu, S. Meng and K. Cen (2020). Optimal Control of Turbulent Premixed Combustion Instability with Annular Micropore Air Jets. Aerospace Science and Technology 98, 105650.##
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Serial Number 67
November and December 2022
Pages 1923-1931
  • Received: 12 April 2022
  • Revised: 11 July 2022
  • Accepted: 29 July 2022
  • Available online: 07 September 2022