Experimental and CFD Analysis on the Effect of Various Cold Orifice Diameters and Inlet Pressure of a Vortex Tube

Document Type : Regular Article


Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, 395007, India



An experimental investigation was conducted to investigate the effects of different cold orifice diameters and operating pressures of the vortex tube. A vortex tube test rig was employed to conduct the experiments for various cold orifice diameters and operating pressures. Cold orifice diameters range from 1 mm to 6 mm, whereas the pressure condition ranges from 2 to 5 bar. The vortex generators were made up of brass material having six inlet nozzles. It was found that the temperature separation of the vortex tube significantly depends on the cold orifice diameter of the vortex tube and operating pressure. The study demonstrates the deviation of cold temperature separation with respect to the cold orifice diameters and inlet pressure for different cold mass fractions. In addition, present experimental results are used to determine the optimum cold orifice diameter, which is 5 mm at 5 bar inlet pressure. The percentage improvement in average cold temperature separation for 5 mm cold orifice diameter is 66.18% compared to rest of the cold orifice diameters at an inlet pressure of 5 bar. The maximum cooling power separation is 0.08 kW at 0.3 cold mass fraction and inlet pressure of 5 bar. The CFD technique was approached to discuss the complex fluid flow inside the tube at various radial distances. A three-dimensional numerical study was done and validated with the present experimental work. It was found that the numerical results are in good agreement with the present experimental data. 


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