Analysis of the Sound Field Characteristics of a Muffler at Different Flow Conditions

Document Type : Regular Article


1 Research Center of Fluid Machinery Engineering and Technology, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China

2 1 Research Center of Fluid Machinery Engineering and Technology, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China China

3 Wuhan Second Ship Design and Research Institute, Wuhan,430060, China



To reduce the noise in a pump piping system and increase the usage time of equipment, a new type of porous muffler is proposed in this paper. A water guide cone is incorporated into the muffler structure, which may help to redirect the fluid media in the piping system. The porous structure is adapted from a muffler shell, water cone wall and round bottom plate. According to this structure, the muffler sample is made, and a pump pipeline system test bench is set up. The outlet noise of the pump pipeline system is measured after installing the muffler. At the same time, the muffler is numerically simulated by combining computational fluid mechanics and Lighthill acoustic theory. The characteristics of the flow field and external sound field under three different flow conditions of 200 m3/h, 400 m3/h and 600 m3/h are assessed. The numerical simulation results show the same dominant frequency and trend as the experimental results. The rationality of the numerical simulation is verified. Research shows that: the level of sound pressure at the muffler's outlet is lower than at the inlet, causing muffling, and the characteristics of a quadrupole sound source appear at the outlet. The proposed muffler has a certain effect in reducing noise in the pump pipeline system.


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