Effects of Volute Structure on Energy Performance and Rotor Operational Stability of Molten Salt Pumps

Document Type : Regular Article


1 College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China

2 College of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China



A double-volute molten salt pump with two outlet pipes is proposed based on the original pump model. A numerical approach coupling finite element analysis and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is implemented to investigate the operational stability and energy performance of two molten salt centrifugal pumps for high-temperature molten salt. The entropy production of the single-volute and double-volute molten salt pumps is investigated. The effects of the volute structures on the mechanical behavior of the impeller and shaft are considered. According to the findings, the local entropy production in the molten salt pump is dominated by the local pulsating entropy production (Spro-T), with the double-volute scheme achieving reduced energy loss. A visualization of the flow field and the local entropy production rate (LEPR) distributions indicate that the LEPR is positively correlated with the complexity of the flow, and higher levels of turbulence intensity lead to greater LEPR. The double-volute scheme enhances the complexity of the flow in the impeller, resulting in an increase in the LEPR compared with the single-volute design. However, the LEPR in the whole double-volute molten salt pump is reduced compared with the single-volute design. It is discovered that the double-volute molten salt pump experiences a less radial hydraulic force. Although the double-volute design has a slightly higher maximum equivalent stress on the impeller than the single-volute scheme, the rotor deformation is significantly less. In general, the double-volute scheme reduces energy loss and ensures better structural stability.


Main Subjects

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