A Novel Vane-twisted Conformal Diffuser for Compact Centrifugal Compressors

Document Type : Regular Article


School of Energy and Power Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, No. 2 Linggong Road, Ganjingzi District, Dalian 116024, China



Compact aero-engines that use centrifugal compressors are in high demand due to their small size and cost-effectiveness. However, limited improvements in the aerodynamic performance of centrifugal impellers have led to a greater focus on improving the performance of diffusers. This paper introduces a novel vane conformal diffuser designed to match an impeller with a high pressure ratio. The diffuser utilizes a unique design method that creates transitions from a two-dimensional meridian to a three-dimensional configuration, to achieve a twisted design for the vane and hub. Eventually an integrated vane configuration is formed from the radial section to the bend and axial sections. The novel diffuser significantly reduces the radial size of the entire compressor compared with a conventional vaned diffuser. Different cross-section area distributions are studied to explore the reasonable static pressure recovery ability of the diffuser. To validate the new concept, the diffusers of two existing high-pressure centrifugal compressors are redesigned using the novel conformal diffuser configuration. The numerical results show that the aerodynamic performances of the two redesigned centrifugal compressors are improved in terms of both the total pressure ratio and the isentropic efficiency compared with their counterparts. These results demonstrate the effectiveness and applicability of the developed design method for the novel conformal diffuser.


Main Subjects

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