Leading Edge Radius Effects on VAWT Performance

Document Type : Regular Article

Authors

Mechanical Engineering Department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

10.47176/jafm.16.09.1626

Abstract

Numerous studies have been conducted to investigate effect of blade geometry of vertical axis wind turbine performance. Most of the evaluations have focused on the airfoil series and airfoil geometry parameters such as thickness and camber of the airfoil. Few studies have examined the effect of other blade geometry parameters on the vertical axis wind turbine performance. In the present study, the effect of geometric change in leading-edge radius (LER) of a vertical axis wind turbine performance has been numerically studied. Hence, modified NACA 0021 airfoil profiles were created using the geometric method (CST). Then, the flow behavior around a Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine was simulated under the influence of the reduction and set-up coefficients of the leading-edge radius at a constant wind speed of 9 m/s and a tip speed ratio of 1.5 to 3.5 using the computational fluid dynamics. Additionally, the effects of the examined parameter (leading-edge radius) on fluid flow and aerodynamic performance coefficients, including the coefficients of power and torque, were investigated. The results indicated that the leading-edge radius affected the near wake flow of the turbine, and the optimization of leading-edge radius parameter controls the dynamic stall and reduces the formation of a vortex. Finally, the optimization of LER revealed that at 20% reduction in the LER the performance of the turbine at tip speed ratio of 1.5 was increased by more than 50%. This reinforces the self-starting capability of a Darrieus wind turbine. 

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Main Subjects


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