Effect of Daily Regulation on Navigation Conditions in Deep Reservoirs

Document Type : Regular Article


1 College of River and Ocean Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing, 400074, China

2 Chongqing Southwest Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing, 400074, China

3 Chongqing Xike Consultation Center for Water Transport Engineering, Chongqing, 400074, China



The daily regulation and anti-regulation of upstream and downstream power stations, respectively, frequently alter the river flow regime, velocity, and surface gradient, thus resulting in unsteady flow characteristics of the river and hindering shipping, waterway maintenance, and wharf operations. This study investigated the influence of daily regulation on the navigation conditions in the deep reservoir by taking the rivers between the Three Gorges Dam and the Gezhouba Dam as the research object. Prototype observations and a depth-averaged 2-D model were used to determine the main factors affecting the propagation law of unsteady flow. The propagation pattern of unsteady flow and channel navigational conditions and measures of the power station were analyzed systematically. The results showed that the water level amplitude was affected primarily by the peak amplitude and duration of the peak shaving. Additionally, the base flow significantly influenced time spatial distributions of the water level amplitude. Impacted by the reservoir storage capacity, a threshold for the duration of peak shaving was noted; this may result in maximum water level variation. As the peak shaving duration increased, the amplitude of the water level decreased. The research results can provide theoretical support for the optimization of hub shipping.


Main Subjects

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