Application of Wavenumber-frequency Method for Characteristic Frequency Prediction of Cavity Noise at Subsonic Speeds

Document Type : Regular Article

Authors

1 Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China

2 School of Future Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China

3 School of Engineering Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China

10.47176/jafm.17.02.2081

Abstract

Flow-acoustic feedback is one of the main types of noise in a cavity, is caused by the instability of the cavity shear layer and is enhanced through an acoustic-wave feedback mechanism. The flow characteristics of the cavity boundary/shear layer and the characteristic frequencies of the flow-acoustic feedback in the cavities are studied numerically, with aspect ratios ranging from 1/2 to 4/3. The freestream Mach number is equal to 0.11, corresponding to an Re-based cavity length of 2.1×105. Improved Delayed Detached Eddy Simulations combined with Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings acoustic analogy are used to simulate the flow and noise characteristics of the cavities. Auto-correlation analysis of flow field fluctuations is used to establish a link between the boundary/shear layer pressure fluctuations and flow-acoustic feedback noise. For the low aspect ratio cavities investigated in this paper, convection velocities along the shear layer development direction are obtained using wavenumber-frequency analysis. The deeper the cavity, the lower the shear layer flow velocity. Correspondingly, the characteristic frequencies of the narrowband noise generated by the flow-acoustic feedback shift linearly toward the low frequency band as the cavity depth increases. The results of the predicted noise characteristic frequencies obtained using wavenumber-frequency analysis and Rossiter's empirical formula are in agreement with the calculated results.

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