Study of the Impact of LPG Composition on the Blowoff and Flashback Limits of a Premixed Flame in a Swirl Burner

Document Type : Regular Article

Authors

1 Mustansiriyah University, College of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Department, Baghdad, Iraq

2 Environment Research Center, University of Technology, Iraq

10.47176/jafm.17.3.2175

Abstract

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is considered one of the gases widely used in many industrial and residential sectors. Still, due to its different compositions, mainly propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10), it can have other combustion characteristics. This paper aims to conduct an experimental analysis to study the impact of LPG composition on the stability map (limits of blowoff and flashback) of the premixed flame in a tangential swirl burner. Four LPG mixtures were used with different proportions of ethane (C2H6), propane (C3H8), butane (C4H10), and pentane (C5H12). Three burner nozzles at diameters of 20, 25, and 30 mm have been used, which gave three swirl numbers of 0.918, 1.148, and 1.377, respectively. The results indicate that increasing the swirl number (S) from 0.918 to 1.377 for all LPG mixtures accelerated the flashback propensity (getting worse) while the blowoff resistance improved; thus, a rising S gave a better stability map. As for the effect of the LPG composition, it was found that the maximum flame temperature was for the LPG mixture containing high percentages of butane (C4H10), while the lowest was for the mixture containing fewer percentages of butane. Changing the LPG composition had an apparent effect on the flashback limits and a slight effect on the blowoff limits; it was found that mixtures containing high percentages of butane increased flame speeds and increased the flashback propensity. Compared to LPG mixtures, the flame stability map was widest for LPG mixtures containing lower percentages of butane. Therefore, LPG with propane (C3H8) proportions higher than butane (C4H10) reduces flame temperature, flame speeds, and flashback propensity, thus improving the stability map.

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