Effect of the Guide Vane on the Hydraulic Stability of a Low-head, Large-discharge Industrial Hydraulic Turbine

Document Type : Regular Article

Authors

1 State-Province Joint Engineering Lab of Fluid Transmission System Technology, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou, 310018, China

2 Xinjiang Tianfu Energy Sales Power Co. LTD, Shihezi, Xinjiang, 832000, China

3 Xinjiang Tianfu Environmental Protection Technology Co., LTD, Shihezi, Xinjiang, 832000, China

10.47176/jafm.17.3.2056

Abstract

The hydraulic turbine has been used extensively in the field of energy conservation. For turbines that have low heads and large discharge, improving recovery efficiency and stability is crucial due to their significant hydraulic impact. This paper provides a detailed analysis of the correlation between the influence of radial guide vanes on the stability of low-head, large-discharge turbines focusing on hydraulic performance and energy dissipation before and after the implementation of guide vanes. Moreover, in this paper, two types of turbines, with and without guide vanes, were designed considering the desulfurization scenario. Hydraulic efficiency, radial force, and internal flow field mechanics were numerically studied, and validated through experiments. The results reveal that the working range of the hydraulic turbine could be widened and the energy recovery efficiency improved by a maximum of 3.11% in the small flow rate under the action of guide vanes. Furthermore, it results in a substantial reduction in the radial force of the impeller. Subsequently, the variation in entropy production of different components under full flow rate conditions was compared between the models with and without guide vanes. The total energy consumption decreases sharply under overall working conditions due to the flow control ability of guide vanes affecting the flow state. The entropy production rate of the impeller remains the largest regardless of the presence of a guide vane in the turbine. The vortices inside the guide vanes increase obviously with the flow rate increase.

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