Integrated Impacts of Building Space Ratio and Wind Direction on Pedestrian-level Wind Environment around High-rise Buildings with Equilateral Triangle Arrangement

Document Type : Regular Article


1 State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Behavior and System Safety of Traffic Engineering Structures, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang 050043, China

2 Innovation Center for Wind Engineering and Wind Energy Technology of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang 050043, China

3 Department of Mathematics and Physics, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang 050043, China

4 School of Civil Engineering, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang 050043, China



The issue of pedestrian-level wind environments around high-rise buildings is closely related to the comfort and safety of human settlements. In this paper, we study the effects of different wind direction angles and spacing ratios on the wind environment at pedestrian heights around buildings arranged in an equilateral triangle configuration. Three-dimensional steady-state numerical simulation was employed, with the standard k-ε model selected as the turbulence model. Wind speed ratios and different area ratio parameters are used to quantitatively express the degree and range of influence of wind speed by buildings. The results show that the maximum wind speed ratio at the corner of a building is greatly affected by the wind direction angle, with 45°, 135°, and 157.5° being the unfavorable wind direction angles. Conversely, the area ratio of different areas is greatly affected by the spacing ratio. As the spacing ratio increases, the mutual interference effect between buildings weakens, resulting in a better pedestrian wind environment. Owing to the unique layout of the building group, different degrees of ventilation corridors are formed among the three buildings. The wind speed amplification effect in the corridors is more significant, and the areas with poor wind environments are concentrated in these corridors.


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