Numerical Simulation of Tidal Bore Bono at Kampar River


1 Industrial & Financial Mathematics Research Group, Faculty of Mathematics & Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung, 40132, Indonesia

2 Research Institute For Coastal Resources and Vulnerability, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, The Republic of Indonesia, Jalan Raya Padang-Painan KM. 16 Bungus, Padang, 25245, Indonesia

3 Marine Research Center, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, The Republic of Indonesia, Jalan Pasir Putih II Ancol Timur, Jakarta, 14430, Indoneisa


A tidal bore is a natural phenomenon usually occur in bays with large tidal waves. Sometimes this large tidal inflow are channeled deep into a river. In Indonesia, this natural phenomenon is found in the Kampar River, which is known as the tidal bore Bono. Sometimes, these tidal bore phenomena disappear, as happened to the Mascaret, tidal bore on the River Seine France. Through an understanding of the formation of tidal bore mechanism, there is hope that the tidal bore Bono in Kampar River can be preserved. In this paper, the occurrence of tidal bore Bono is simulated using the non-hydrostatic Saint-Venant equation under a staggered grid formulation. To test the accuracy of the implementation, several scenarios of hydraulic jumps were simulated first. The numerical results have shown to quantitatively confirm the analytical formula of bore height and velocity, two parameters that are important to characterize a bore wave. Further, by adopting a model that incorporates the non-hydrostatic pressure, our simulation shows the appearance of an undular bore accompanying the shock front. Finally, by using tidal current data measured along Kampar River estuary, our simulation that employs the actual river topography can show the appearance of tidal bore Bono. Our simulations were shown to be in fair agreement with the measurement.