Automotive Technologies Program, TOBB Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Karabuk University, Karabuk, 78050, Turkey
Energy Systems Engineering, Technology Faculty, Karabuk University, Karabuk, 78050, Turkey
Mechanical Engineering Department, Prince Sultan Endowment for Energy and Environment, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al-Khobar 31952, Saudi Arabia
The convective heat transfer and entropy generation of diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid through a rectangular minichannel is numerically investigated under laminar flow conditions. Nanoparticle volume fractions for diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid are in the range 0.05-0.20% and Reynolds number varies from 100 to 1000. The finite volume method is used in the numerical computation. The results obtained for diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid are compared with those of diamond/water and Fe3O4/water conventional nanofluids. It is found that 0.2% diamond-Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticle addition to pure water provides convective heat transfer coefficient enhancement of 29.96%, at Re=1000. The results show that diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid has higher convective heat transfer coefficient and Nusselt number when compared with diamond/water and Fe3O4/water conventional nanofluids. For diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid, until Re=600, the lowest total entropy generation rate values are obtained for 0.20% nanoparticle volume fraction. However, after Re=800, diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid with 0.20% nanoparticle volume fraction has the highest total entropy generation rate compared to other nanoparticle volume fractions. A similar pattern emerges from the comparison with diamond/water and Fe3O4/water conventional nanofluids. For 0.2% nanoparticle volume fraction, diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid and diamond/water nanofluid have their minimum entropy generation rate at Re=500 and at Re=900, respectively. Moreover, this minimum entropy generation rate point changes with nanoparticle volume fraction values of nanofluids.