College of Chemical Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao, 266580, China
College of Electromechanical Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao, 266580, China
Research and Development Department, Yunnan Aerospace Industry Co. Ltd, Kunming, 605299, China
It is a difficult scientific problem of applied fluid mechanics that the flame is too long and does not match the furnace chamber in a small restricted heating space. This paper aims to investigate the effect of the air quantity distribution ratio on the flame height of a flue gas self-circulation burner. In order to obtain a better combustion emission effect and a shorter flame height, a burner head structure with a small flue gas self-circulation was designed. Numerical simulation was employed to investigate the effect of the different distributions of central air, swirling air and secondary air on flame height. The periodic boundary condition model was adopted and the numerical model was compared and validated by experiment. Correlation analysis was used to determine the influence of the air inlet ratio of each part on the flame height and recirculating flue gas ratio (RFGR). The results show that the influence of different air quantity distributions on flame length is very significant. A reasonable central air ratio is a necessary condition for the good combustion of this flue gas self-circulation burner. Secondary air can effectively increase the RFGR, and flame height was significantly shorter with the increase of RFGR, but when it increased to more than 12%, the flame length was basically no longer shortened. On the premise of stable combustion, when the ratio of central air, swirling air and secondary air are respectively 25%, 35% and 40%, the shortest flame length is achieved. This work reveals an influence mechanism of the flame height of a small burner with a flue gas circulation structure. These results can provide theoretical support and an engineering design basis for the short flame problem in a small restricted space.