Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
Technical Institute/Kut, Middle Technical University, Baghdad, Iraq
The idea of using water-in-Diesel (W/D) emulsion in recent studies as fuel for diesel engines is to reduce the emissions. The introduction of water into a diesel engine using W/D emulsion has a number of potential benefits and can be used as an alternative fuel. One of important factors to use this fuel was the distribution of water droplets in emulsion and emulsifier stability. In the present work, the effect of emulsifier dosage (water in diesel ratio) and heating of W/D emulsion on the stability period with using optical technique was investigated. Five samples of W/D emulsion at different emulsifier dosages (5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%) water content were studied, whereas the heating of emulsions was carried out for 40oC, 60oC, and 80oC. The results obtained from the current work manifested that an increase in water dosage to W/D emulsion had bad effects on the stability period, also, the increase in heating temperature for W/D emulsion revealed a negative effect on the emulsion stability.