College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, No. 109, Deya Road, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, China
In this paper, a test system based on the Nano-tracer Planar Laser Scattering (NPLS) technique for studying time evolution of unsteady flow structures was finished. Based on this system, the experimental study on the interactions between the incident shock wave and the turbulent boundary layer of the incoming wall was performed. The experiments were performed in a Mach 3.4 supersonic low-noise wind tunnel at the unit Reynolds number of 6.30 × 106/m-1. For the first time, five frames of temporal-correlated fine structure images of transient flow field with shock wave and the turbulent boundary layer interactions (SWTBLI) were obtained under the experimental conditions, and the spatiotemporal evolution characteristics of the flow structure were analyzed. At the same time, the flow field characteristics of temporal-correlated images were studied when the density boundary layer thickness of incoming turbulent layer is δ1 = 0.55δ, δ2 = 0.72δ, δ3 = 0.87δ respectively. During the development of vortex structure in the boundary layer from turbulent boundary layer to separation bubble, the oscillation interval distribution law of induced shock wave was summarized, and the group velocity of vortex structure development in the boundary layer and the relationship between boundary layer thickness and physical space size growth law of separation bubble under different incoming turbulent boundary layer thicknesses were obtained. The results also show that with the increase of the incoming boundary layer thickness, the group velocity in the development process of vortex structure in the turbulent boundary layer does not change significantly. As the thickness of the boundary layer entering the separation bubble increases, the overall growth height of the separation bubble also increases.