Numerical Study on MHD Mixed Convection Flow in a Vertical Insulated Square Duct with Strong Transverse Magnetic Field


1 Department of Mathematics, Mariani College, Mariani, Assam, 785634, India

2 Department of Mathematics, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh, Assam, 786004, India


A numerical study on steady laminar magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) mixed convection flow of an electrically conducting fluid in a vertical square duct under the action of transverse magnetic field has been investigated. The walls are assumed as perfectly electrically insulated. In this study both force and free convection flows are considered. The viscous dissipation and Joule heat are also considered in the energy equation and walls of the duct are kept at constant temperature. The enclosure is heated by uniform volumetric heat density. The governing equations of momentum, induction and energy are first transformed into dimensionless equations by using dimensionless quantities, then these are solved employing finite difference method for velocity, induced magnetic field and temperature distribution. The computed results for velocity, induced magnetic field and temperature distribution are presented graphically for different dimensionless parameters Hartmaan number M, Prandtl number Pr, Grashof number Gr and magnetic Reynolds number Rm.