Forced Convective Flow of a Nanoliquid due to a Stretching Cylinder with Free Stream


1 Department of Mathematics, South Asian University, Akbar Bhawan, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021, India

2 Department of Mathematics & Statistics, Banasthali University, Banasthali 304 022, Rajasthan, India

3 Department of Mathematics, Central College Campus, Bangalore University, Bangalore 560 001, India

4 Department of Mathematics, F.G.M. Govt. College, Adampur (Hisar), Haryana, India.


Steady, transverse boundary layer flow and heat transfer caused by an exponentially stretching cylinder of constant radius immersed in an uniform flow of an incompressible, viscous nanoliquid are considered in the present study. The paper discusses a systematic procedure of obtaining a local similarity transformation that reduces the governing partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations. Power series solution is then obtained for velocity, temperature and nanoparticle concentration distributions using the uni-variate differential transform method. Help is sought from Domb-Sykes plots in making a decision on the minimum number of terms required in the power series expansion to ensure convergence. Radius of convergence is quite naturally suggested by these plots. Pad ´ e approximants are then appropriately decided upon to increase the radius of convergence. The algorithm used succeeds in capturing boundary effects, free stream flow effects and nanoparticle effects on flow and heat transfer. An important finding of the paper is the prediction of accelerated cooling of the stretching cylinder due to the nanoparticles in the cooling liquid. In having a desirable property for the extruding cylinder nanoliquid coolant seems an attractive proposition.