Electrothermo Convection in a Porous Medium Saturated by Nanofluid


1 Department of Mathematics, Government College Nurpur, Himachal Pradesh, 176202, INDIA

2 Department of Mathematics, Government College Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, 177033, INDIA

3 School of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University Seoul, South Korea


Thermal instability in a horizontal layer of nanofluid with vertical AC electric field in a porous medium is investigated. The flux of volume fraction of nanoparticles is taken to be zero on the isothermal boundaries and the eigenvalue problem is solved using the Galerkin method. Darcy model is used for the momentum equation. The model used for nanofluid incorporates the effect of Brownian diffusion and thermophoresis. Linear stability theory based upon normal mode technique is employed to find the expressions for Rayleigh number for stationary and oscillatory convection. Graphs have been plotted to study the effects of Lewis number, modified diffusivity ratio, concentration Rayleigh number, AC electric Rayleigh number and porosity on stationary convection.