Cross-Diffusion Effects on the Onset of Double Diffusive Convection in a Couple Stress Fluid Saturated Rotating Anisotropic Porous Layer


1 Department of Mathematics, Gulbarga University, Jnana Ganga Campus, Gulbarga 585 106, India.

2 Department of Mathematics, Government First Grade College, Chittapur – 585 211, India.


In this paper, we have investigated the onset of double diffusive convection (DDC) in a couple stress fluid saturated rotating anisotropic porous layer in the presence of Soret and Dufour effects using linear stability analyses which is based on the usual normal mode technique. The onset criteria for both stationary and oscillatory modes obtained analytically. The effects of the Taylor number, mechanical anisotropy parameter, Darcy Prandtl number, solute Rayleigh number, normalized porosity parameter, Soret and Dufour parameters on the stationary and oscillatory convections shown graphically. The effects of couple stresses are quite significant for large values of the non-dimensional parameter and delay the onset of convection. Taylor number has stabilizing effect on double diffusive convection, Dufour number has stabilizing effect in stationary mode while destabilizing in oscillatory mode. The negative Soret parameter stabilizes the system and positive Soret parameter destabilizes the system in the stationary convection, while in the oscillatory convection the negative Soret coefficient destabilize the system and positive Soret coefficient stabilizes the system.