Fluid-Structure Interaction Study of the Serpentine Nozzle for Turbofan

Document Type : Regular Article


Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Internal Aerodynamics in Aero-Engine, School of Power and Energy, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, 710072, People’s Republic of China



Serpentine nozzle can effectively suppress the infrared radiation signatures of the aero-engine exhaust system. However, it experiences the remarkable fluid-structure interaction (FSI) process at the work condition. In this paper, the deformation behavior of the serpentine nozzle and its flow characteristic were investigated numerically. Then, the influences of the wall thickness and the geometric configuration on the FSI effect were also explored. The results show that, the mechanism of the fluid-structure interaction is formed through the data transfer of the force and the displacement at the FSI interface. Under the FSI effect, there occur the ballon-like swellings at the second S passage, and the linear section bends upward along the Y direction. They induce the special flow features including the flow separation, the shock wave and the plume vector angle. As the value of the wall thickness increases from 3mm to 6mm, the maximum of the deformation displacement of the serpentine nozzle decreases 68.5mm. As compared to the uncoupled state, the variation of the axial thrust decreases from 2.70% to 0.70% at the coupled state. The circular-to-rectangular profile and the S-shaped passage enlarge the deformation behavior of the nozzle structure. The value of the axial thrust of the serpentine nozzle with 5mm wall thickness for the coupled state is lower 1.92% than these for the uncoupled state.


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