One-Dimensional Mathematical Model for Solar Drying of Beds of Sludge


1 Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, 36570-900, Brazil

2 Technische Universität Berlin, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany


A one-dimensional mathematical model for the description of solar drying of beds of sewage sludge is developed and implemented with the software Engineering-Equation-Solver. After the discussion of relevant literature, the assumptions and general conditions of the model are explained. Governing differential equations for heat and mass transport inside the sludge are derived, followed by a discussion about correlations used for the determination of surface transport phenomena and for the description of thermophysical properties. Numerical discretization is achieved locally through the Finite Difference Method and temporary through the Runge-Kutta-Method. Finally, a parametric analysis on the sludge drying process is carried out. The obtained results demonstrate the effect of ambient parameters such as solar radiation, airflow rate, gas temperature, geometric aspects etc. on the drying process. The developed model may be used for further prediction and estimation of drying characteristics under several conditions.