Simulation of Dipole Vorticity Dynamics Colliding Viscous Boundary Layer at High Reynolds Numbers


Aerospace Engineering Group, New Technologies Engineering Department, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


The vorticity dynamics of a Lamb-like dipole colliding with flat boundaries are investigated for high Reynolds number flows by implementation of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). The standard LBM based on the single-relaxation-time collision model suffers from numerical instabilities at high Reynolds numbers. Herein, a regularized collision model is employed for the LBM to preserve the stability and accuracy of the numerical solutions at such flow conditions. The computations are performed for the normal collision of the dipole with the no-slip boundary for several Reynolds numbers in the range of . The results obtained based on the regularized lattice Boltzmann (RLB) method for the statistical flow characteristics like the vorticity field and enstrophy quantity of the dipole-wall collision problem are investigated. The present study demonstrates that the shear-layer instabilities near the wall are responsible for rolling-up of the boundary layer before it is detached from the surface for high Reynolds numbers. This detachment mechanism leads to a viscous rebound and formation of small scale vortices. The shear-layer vortices formed dramatically influence the flow evolution after the collision and result strong enhancement of the total enstrophy of the flow field. By comparing the present results with those of provided by other numerical solutions, it is also concluded that the RLB scheme implemented is robust and sufficiently accurate numerical technique in comparison with the flow solvers based on the Navier-Stokes equations for predicting the statistical features of separated fluid flows even at high Reynolds numbers.