Effect of Different S AC Based Nanoparticles Types on the Reflow Soldering Process of Miniaturized Component using Discrete Phase Model Simulation


1 Faculty of Engineering, DRB-HICOM University of Automotive Malaysia, 26607 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia

2 School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia

3 Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

4 School of Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia


The wetting formation and nanoparticles dispersion on adding nanoparticles to the lead free solder Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu (SAC305) is methodically investigated using Discrete Phase Model (DPM) simulation and applied on a 01005 capacitor component. Different types of nanoparticles, namely titanium dioxide (TiO2), nickle oxide (NiO) and Iron (III) oxide (Fe2O3) with varying weight percentages, 0.01wt%, 0.05wt% and 0.15wt% that is doped in SAC305 are used. The study of two-way interactions between multiphase volume of fluid (VOF) and discrete phase model (DPM) shows excellent capability in tracking the dispersed nanoparticles immersed in the wetted molten solder. In this study, real reflow profile temperature setup will be used to mimic the conventional reflow process. Based on the findings, the fillet height managed to achieve the minimum required height set by IPC standards. As the concentration of the nanoparticles doped in the molten solder increases, higher time is required for the wetting process. In general, the doped NiO nanoparticles at 0.05wt% has the lowest wetting time compared to other cases. The study of the instantaneous nanoparticles trajectory tracking was also conducted on a 3D model and 2D cross sectional view to identify the exact movement of the particles. Additionally, it was also observed that the velocity and pressure distribution increases as the weight percentage of the nanoparticles increases.